不定式短語在句中分析與翻譯的實例(1)
文章來源: 文章作者: 發布時間:2007-09-21 06:01 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

不定式短語

  動詞不定式是學習英語的難點之一,也是構成長句的一個重要因素。不定式有自己的賓語、狀語和補足語,組成不定式短語。在分析句子時要把不定式短語看作一個整體。不定式在句中可作主語、表語、賓語、定語、狀語和補足語。

 

  不定式短語在句中分析與翻譯的實例

75.You will remember that the materials which combine to make a mixture do not completely lose their individual qualities.They do not do so because their molecules1 are not broken up and built into new molecules with new qualities.

  你們要記住,組成混合物的各種物質完全沒有失去它們各自的性質。它們之所以這樣,是因為它們的分子并沒有分解,沒有形成具有新性質的新分子。(不定式短語to make a mixture是謂語combine的結果狀語。)

 

76.The moon's pull causes water in the oceans to be a little deeper at the point closest to the moon and also at a point farthest from themoon,on the oppositeside of the earth.

  月球的引力會引起近月點處和地球另一端的遠月點處海洋的海水略深一些。(cause sth.To do sb,“引起……作……”。to be alittle deeper...作water賓語補足語。)

 

77. It is also a familiar fact that a force is required to slow down or stop a body which is already in motion,and that a sidewise force must be exerted on a moving body to deviate2 it from a straight line.

  要使一個已經運動的物體慢下來或使其停止運動就需要作用力;要使該物體偏離直線運動,就需要橫向作用力,這也是大家所熟悉的事實。(it是形式主語,代替that引出的兩個主語從句。不定式短語to deviate...1ine是目的狀語,其中it代替the moving body。)

 

78.Though only l07 elements have been discovered,they combine in enough different ways to make the millions and millions of different things in the world.

  雖然只發現了107種元素,但是這些元素以不同的方式化合在一起就會形成世界上無數的千差萬別的東西。(不定式短語to make...作結果狀語,說明enough。)

  

79.Since we have already associated flow of charge or current with the existence of potential difference,it becomes of interest and importance to establish a quantitative3 relation between these two quantities.

  因為我們已經把電荷的流動即電流與電位差的存在聯系起來,因而在這兩個量之間確立一種數量關系就成為重要而值得注意的問題了。(不定式短語to establish.一quantities是主語,it是形式主語。)

 

  80.Apart from the enormous outflow of funds from the oil-consuming countries,a more basic concern is the capability4 of the major exporters of crude oil to achieve a continuing production target roughly doubling output every tenyears to meet the required oil demand if present trend continues.

  且不談用油國的資金大量外流,更令人擔心的重要問題是:如果目前的這種趨勢繼續發展下去,那么主要原油出口國是否有能力每10年大致將產量翻一番以滿足對石油的需求。

(a-partfrom,“除了,且不說”。of...oil作capability的定語,不定式短語to achieve...continue也作定語,修飾capability。這個不定式短語中包含有:現在分詞短語roughly doubling...continue。這個短語中又包含有不定式短語作目的狀語to meet...continue和if引導的條件狀語,這兩個狀語都用來修飾doubling。)



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1 molecules 187c25e49d45ad10b2f266c1fa7a8d49     
分子( molecule的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • The structure of molecules can be seen under an electron microscope. 分子的結構可在電子顯微鏡下觀察到。
  • Inside the reactor the large molecules are cracked into smaller molecules. 在反應堆里,大分子裂變為小分子。
2 deviate kl9zv     
v.(from)背離,偏離
參考例句:
  • Don't deviate from major issues.不要偏離主要問題。
  • I will never deviate from what I believe to be right.我絕不背離我自信正確的道路。
3 quantitative TCpyg     
adj.數量的,定量的
參考例句:
  • He said it was only a quantitative difference.他說這僅僅是數量上的差別。
  • We need to do some quantitative analysis of the drugs.我們對藥物要進行定量分析。
4 capability JsGzZ     
n.能力;才能;(pl)可發展的能力或特性等
參考例句:
  • She has the capability to become a very fine actress.她有潛力成為杰出演員。
  • Organizing a whole department is beyond his capability.組織整個部門是他能力以外的事。
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