介詞短語在句中分析與翻譯的實例01
文章來源: 文章作者: 發布時間:2007-09-21 05:55 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

1.You can already buy small video telephones,with builtin-screen and cameras,that transmit still images over regular telephone lines to anyone else with avideo telephone.

  現在已能買到小型的電視電話機,機上裝有屏幕和攝像機,可以通過平常的電話線把靜止的圖像傳送給任何一個有電視電話的人。(with...canleras用作獨立定語,修飾telephones。)

 

  2.The scientific worker attempts to formulate1 these problems in accurate terms and to solve them in the light of all the relevant facts that can be collected by observation and experiment.

  科學工作者力圖精確地描述這些問題,然后根據通過觀察和實驗收集到的有關事實來解決這些問題。(介詞短語in accurate terms作方式方法狀語,說明to formulate。in the light...experiment作方式方法狀語,說明tosolve。)

 

  3.The atom is analogous2 to a miniature solar system,with a nucleus3 as the“sun''’and electrons as the“planets''’revolving in orbits around the nucleus.  

  原子類似于一個小型太陽系,原子核可看作“太陽”,電子可看作是沿軌道繞著核旋轉的‘行星”!(analogous to, “與……相似”。with a nucleus as..,and(with) electrons as...是 with引出的復合結構,用來對solar system作補充說明。)

 

  4.The unit of heat on the c.g.s.system is the calorie,which is established as the amount of heat required to raise one gramme of water by one degree centigrade.

  熱的厘米·克·秒制單位是卡,將1克水升高攝氏1度所需的熱量定為1卡。(c.g.s.system=centimeter-gramsecond system,“厘米·克·秒制”。介詞短語on...system作定語,修飾unit。

 by所引導的介詞短語是raise要求的,這里by表示數量增減的絕對值。例如:increase by 10%,“增加10%”;decrease by two orders of magnitude,“減小兩個數量級”。)

 

  5.Sometimes the individual crystals,with plane faces and sharp edges and corners,are visible to the naked eye,and sometimes they can be seen only under a microscope.

  單晶有時用肉眼就能看得到,有時只有在顯微鏡下才能看得見,這種單晶有著平的晶面和銳利的棱角。(with plane faces...corners是介詞短語用作獨立定語,修飾crystals。)

 

  6.Modern Japan and other Oriental countries are emerging with the irresistible4 urge for better standards of living and anovel, powerful role in the world’s economy.

  在不可阻擋地迫切要求提高生活水平和在世界經濟中發揮新的、強有力的作用的驅使下,現代的日本和其他東方國家正在崛起。(with...economy有條件狀語的意味,用來修飾emerging。)  

 

  7.Liquids,however,are highly incompressible;that is,very large pressures,of the order of thousands of tons per square inch,are required to diminish their volumes appreciably5

  但是,液體是非常不易壓縮的;要明顯地壓縮液體的體積,就需要巨大的壓力,其數量級達每平方英寸幾千噸。(介詞短語of the order...inch是獨立定語,修飾pressures。)

 

  8.One suggestion has been the use of mixtures of two different types of insecticide,with the idea that one of them should eliminate the individuals resistant6 to the other.

  有一種設想是使用兩種不同類型的混合殺蟲劑,其想法是如果害蟲對其中之一有抗藥性,那么另一種就能殺死它。(介詞短語with the idea一.the other作two types of insecticide的定語,對它作補充說明。that引導的從句作idea的同位語。resistand to the other是形容詞短語作individuals定語。) 

 

  9.The side of Mercury which is turned away from the sun remains7 in eternal darkness,with a temperature only a few degrees above absolute zero.

  水星背向太陽的那一面,卻永遠處于黑暗之中,那里的溫度僅比絕對零度高幾度。(with a temperature above對the side of Mercury補充說明。)

 

 10.No distinction can be drawn8 between pure and applied9 science in terms of differences in the training or competence10 of workers, or in organization, or in method,or even in the immediate11 outcome of the work.

  不能根據工作人員的訓練程度和資格、組織機構、研究方法甚至研究工作的直接成果等方面的差別來劃分理論科學與應用科學的界線。(between.一science作定語,修飾distinction。in terms of...作狀語,說明can be drawn。)

 

  11.An object with at least one easily measurable property which changes apprecially while the obiect is coming to thermal12 equilibrium13 may be used as a temperature-measuring device,or thermometer.

  當一種物質進入熱平衡時,至少具有一種變化顯著因而易于測量的特性,這種物質可用來作為測溫裝置,即溫度計。(with一.equilibrium用作定語,修飾An object。)

 

  12.If we could go on an imaginary journey from the surface to the centre of a star such as the Sun,we would find a steady increase in temperature and pressure.

  如果我們能從像太陽這樣的恒星的表面到其中心作一次想像的旅行,我們會發現溫度和壓力將持續不斷地增加。(from...to...the Sun用作定語,修飾journey。)

 

  13.The fact that a compass needle assulnes a northsouth direction leads to the conclusion that the earth must be a magnet, with the space all around it constituting a huge magnetic field.

  指南針指向南北方向這一事實可導出這樣的結論:地球必定是一個磁體,地球周圍的所有空間構成了一個巨大的磁場。(句中兩個that引導的都是同位語從句。with...field是分詞復合結構,起補充說明作用。)

 

14.The second aspect is the application by all members of society,from the government officials to the ordinary citizen,of the special methods of thought and action that scientists use in their work。

  第二方面涉及從政府官員到普通公民等所有社會成員運用科學家在工作中所用的思維和行動的特定方法。(from.。.to...作非限定性定語修飾members。by和of所引導的兩個介詞短語均修飾the application,of...短語被兩個介詞短語分隔開了。)

 

15.Chemistry has two main aspects:descriptive chemistry,the discovery and tabulation14 of chemical facts;and theoretical chemistry,the formulation of theories that,upon verification,unify these facts and combine them into a system。

  化學有兩個主要方面:敘述性化學,即化學事實的發現和制表;理論化學,即對化學理論的系統闡述,根據驗證把化學事實統一起來,從而歸納成一個體系。(the discovery...facts是descriptive chemistry的同位語,the formulation...a system是theoretical chemistry的同位語,其中that引出定語從句,upon verification用作狀語。)

 

  16.Every body in the universe attracts every other body with a force directly proportional to the product of the masses of the two bodies and inversely15 proportional to the square of the distance between them. 

宇宙中每一物體都以一引力吸引另外的每一物體,該引力與兩物體質量的乘積成正比,而與兩物體之間的距離平方成反比。(with a force...是狀語,說明attracts。directly proponional to..,“與……成正比”;inversely proportional to..,“與……成反比”。這兩個形容詞短語用來說明force。)

  

17.For an ltalian contemplating16 anything from paying his taxes to getting a peddler''s license17 or collecting an old age pension,the nation''s million-man bureaucracy is a nightmare。

  對意大利人來說,無論打算做什么事,從納稅到申請零售商執照或領取老年人的退休金, 全國上百萬個官僚主義者真令人不寒而栗。(For..。pension介詞短語是nightmare“惡夢”要 求的。例:It was a nightmare for me。from...to...pension作定語修飾anything。)

 

  18.Scientists in the U.S. , Western Europe and Japan are pushing hard toward astill much-in-the-future optical computer that uses photons rather than electrons for number-crunching efficiency.

  美國、西歐和日本的科學家們正在全力以赴地研制那種更富光明前景的光子計算機,該機將利用光子而不是電子來提高數據處理的效率。(use...for..,用……來……)

 

  19.With the invention of the electromagnetic generator18 in the latter part of the nineteenth century,it became possible to convent the energy of burning fuel to electricity which could then be transmitted to distant points for Use.

  19世紀末葉,由于發明了電磁發電機,從而有可能把燃燒燃料而獲得的能量轉變為電能,然后再輸送到遙遠的地區使用。(convent...to..·,把……轉變為……。)

 

  20.If a piece of rock,of anything else,one inch in diameter were magnified to the size of the earth,its constituent19 atoms would become about the size of tennis balls.

  如果把直徑為1英寸的一塊巖石或一塊別的什么東西放大到地球那樣大,那么它的組成原子大約會變成網球那么大。(ofanythingdse前后有逗號,是非限定性定語,修飾apiece。) 



點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 formulate L66yt     
v.用公式表示;規劃;設計;系統地闡述
參考例句:
  • He took care to formulate his reply very clearly.他字斟句酌,清楚地做了回答。
  • I was impressed by the way he could formulate his ideas.他陳述觀點的方式讓我印象深刻。
2 analogous aLdyQ     
adj.相似的;類似的
參考例句:
  • The two situations are roughly analogous.兩種情況大致相似。
  • The company is in a position closely analogous to that of its main rival.該公司與主要競爭對手的處境極為相似。
3 nucleus avSyg     
n.核,核心,原子核
參考例句:
  • These young people formed the nucleus of the club.這些年輕人成了俱樂部的核心。
  • These councils would form the nucleus of a future regime.這些委員會將成為一個未來政權的核心。
4 irresistible n4CxX     
adj.非常誘人的,無法拒絕的,無法抗拒的
參考例句:
  • The wheel of history rolls forward with an irresistible force.歷史車輪滾滾向前,勢不可擋。
  • She saw an irresistible skirt in the store window.她看見商店的櫥窗里有一條叫人著迷的裙子。
5 appreciably hNKyx     
adv.相當大地
參考例句:
  • The index adds appreciably to the usefulness of the book. 索引明顯地增加了這本書的實用價值。
  • Otherwise the daily mean is perturbed appreciably by the lunar constituents. 否則,日平均值就會明顯地受到太陽分潮的干擾。
6 resistant 7Wvxh     
adj.(to)抵抗的,有抵抗力的
參考例句:
  • Many pests are resistant to the insecticide.許多害蟲對這種殺蟲劑有抵抗力。
  • They imposed their government by force on the resistant population.他們以武力把自己的統治強加在持反抗態度的人民頭上。
7 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,殘留物;遺體,遺跡
參考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.殘羹剩飯喂狗了。
8 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,緊張的
參考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的風景所吸引。
9 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.應用的;v.應用,適用
參考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算學習應用語言學課程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.這種乳霜最好晚上擦臉用。
10 competence NXGzV     
n.能力,勝任,稱職
參考例句:
  • This mess is a poor reflection on his competence.這種混亂情況說明他難當此任。
  • These are matters within the competence of the court.這些是法院權限以內的事。
11 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;緊靠的
參考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近鄰認為他們有責任去拜訪。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我們主張立即召開這個會議。
12 thermal 8Guyc     
adj.熱的,由熱造成的;保暖的
參考例句:
  • They will build another thermal power station.他們要另外建一座熱能發電站。
  • Volcanic activity has created thermal springs and boiling mud pools.火山活動產生了溫泉和沸騰的泥漿池。
13 equilibrium jiazs     
n.平衡,均衡,相稱,均勢,平靜
參考例句:
  • Change in the world around us disturbs our inner equilibrium.我們周圍世界的變化擾亂了我們內心的平靜。
  • This is best expressed in the form of an equilibrium constant.這最好用平衡常數的形式來表示。
14 tabulation c68ed45e9d5493a1229fb479f01b04fd     
作表,表格; 表列結果; 列表; 造表
參考例句:
  • A tabulation of a function of two variables is cumbersome, but possible. 二元函數的列表法是不方便的,然而是可能的。
  • Such a tabulation cannot represent adequately the complex gradation relationships between the types. 這樣的圖表不能充分代表各類型之間的復雜級配關系。
15 inversely t4Sx6     
adj.相反的
參考例句:
  • Pressure varies directly with temperature and inversely with volume. 壓力隨溫度成正比例變化,與容積成反比例變化。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • The amount of force needed is inversely proportional to the rigidity of the material. 需要的力度與材料的硬度成反比。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
16 contemplating bde65bd99b6b8a706c0f139c0720db21     
深思,細想,仔細考慮( contemplate的現在分詞 ); 注視,凝視; 考慮接受(發生某事的可能性); 深思熟慮,沉思,苦思冥想
參考例句:
  • You're too young to be contemplating retirement. 你考慮退休還太年輕。
  • She stood contemplating the painting. 她站在那兒凝視那幅圖畫。
17 license B9TzU     
n.執照,許可證,特許;v.許可,特許
參考例句:
  • The foreign guest has a license on the person.這個外國客人隨身攜帶執照。
  • The driver was arrested for having false license plates on his car.司機由于使用假車牌而被捕。
18 generator Kg4xs     
n.發電機,發生器
參考例句:
  • All the while the giant generator poured out its power.巨大的發電機一刻不停地發出電力。
  • This is an alternating current generator.這是一臺交流發電機。
19 constituent bpxzK     
n.選民;成分,組分;adj.組成的,構成的
參考例句:
  • Sugar is the main constituent of candy.食糖是糖果的主要成分。
  • Fibre is a natural constituent of a healthy diet.纖維是健康飲食的天然組成部分。
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