Thousands call for Turing apology 數千英國群眾要求政府向Turi
文章來源:未知 文章作者:meng 發布時間:2009-09-01 05:44 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

Thousands of people have signed a Downing Street petition calling for a posthumous1 government apology to World War II code breaker Alan Turing.

成千上萬人簽署了一項唐寧街請愿書,要求政府對于二戰時期的密碼破譯專家Alan Turing給予正式致歉。

Alan Turing is said to be the <a  target=founder2 of computer science" width="226" border="0" src="/upimg/090901/4_055503_1.jpg" />
Alan Turing is said to be the founder of computer science

Writer Ian McEwan has just backed the campaign, which already has the support of scientist Richard Dawkins.

In 1952 Turing was prosecuted3 under the gross(總共的,未打折扣的) indecency(無理,猥褻) act after admitting to a sexual relationship with a man. Two years later he killed himself.

The petition(請愿,請求) was the idea of computer scientist John Graham-Cumming.

He is seeking an apology for the way the young mathematician4 was treated after his conviction. He has also written to the Queen to ask for a posthumous knighthood to be awarded to the British mathematician.

Alan Turing was given experimental chemical castration(去勢,削正) as a "treatment" and his security privileges(特權) were removed, meaning he could not continue work for the UK Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ).

"This added insult and humiliation5 ultimately drove him to suicide," said gay-rights campaigner Peter Tatchell, who also backs the campaign. "With Turing's death, Britain and the world lost one of its finest intellectual minds. A government apology and posthumous(死后的) pardon are long overdue(過期的,未兌的)."

National legacy6

Alan Turing is most famous for his code-breaking work at Bletchley Park during WWII, helping7 to create the Bombe that cracked messages enciphered(譯成密碼) with the German Enigma8 machines.

However he also made significant contributions to the emerging fields of artificial intelligence and computing9.

In 1936 he established the conceptual and philosophical10 basis for the rise of computers in a seminal11(精液的,生殖的) paper called "On Computable12 Numbers", whilst in 1950 he devised a test to measure the intelligence of a machine. Today it is known as the Turing Test.

After the war he worked at many institutions including the University of Manchester, where he worked on the Manchester Mark 1, one of the first recognisable modern computers.

There is a memorial statue of him in Manchester's Sackville Gardens which was unveiled in 2001.

"I kept reading about potential funding cuts at Bletchley Park and I suddenly felt really mad about it," said Mr Graham-Cumming.

"I felt Turing was getting overlooked as being a British genius and that there was a blindspot(盲點) in the public eye about an important man."

He has so far collected more than 5,500 signatures.

He admits that an official apology to Alan Turing is "unlikely", as Mr Turing has no known surviving family, but he says that the real aim of the petition is symbolic13.

"The most important thing to me is that people hear about Alan Turing and realise his incredible impact on the modern world, and how terrible the impact of prejudice was on him," he said.



點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 posthumous w1Ezl     
adj.遺腹的;父亡后出生的;死后的,身后的
參考例句:
  • He received a posthumous award for bravery.他表現勇敢,死后受到了嘉獎。
  • The legendary actor received a posthumous achievement award.這位傳奇男星在過世后獲得終身成就獎的肯定。
2 Founder wigxF     
n.創始者,締造者
參考例句:
  • He was extolled as the founder of their Florentine school.他被稱頌為佛羅倫薩畫派的鼻祖。
  • According to the old tradition,Romulus was the founder of Rome.按照古老的傳說,羅穆盧斯是古羅馬的建國者。
3 prosecuted Wk5zqY     
a.被起訴的
參考例句:
  • The editors are being prosecuted for obscenity. 編輯因刊載污穢文字而被起訴。
  • The company was prosecuted for breaching the Health and Safety Act. 這家公司被控違反《衛生安全條例》。
4 mathematician aoPz2p     
n.數學家
參考例句:
  • The man with his back to the camera is a mathematician.背對著照相機的人是位數學家。
  • The mathematician analyzed his figures again.這位數學家再次分析研究了他的這些數字。
5 humiliation Jd3zW     
n.羞辱
參考例句:
  • He suffered the humiliation of being forced to ask for his cards.他蒙受了被迫要求辭職的羞辱。
  • He will wish to revenge his humiliation in last Season's Final.他會為在上個季度的決賽中所受的恥辱而報復的。
6 legacy 59YzD     
n.遺產,遺贈;先人(或過去)留下的東西
參考例句:
  • They are the most precious cultural legacy our forefathers left.它們是我們祖先留下來的最寶貴的文化遺產。
  • He thinks the legacy is a gift from the Gods.他認為這筆遺產是天賜之物。
7 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.幫助人的,輔助的
參考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可憐的孩子們總是要求我把我的漢堡包再給他們一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 這樣一來, 他在某些時候,有助于競爭的加強。
8 enigma 68HyU     
n.謎,謎一樣的人或事
參考例句:
  • I've known him for many years,but he remains something of an enigma to me.我與他相識多年,他仍然難以捉摸。
  • Even after all the testimonies,the murder remained a enigma.即使聽完了所有的證詞,這件謀殺案仍然是一個謎。
9 computing tvBzxs     
n.計算
參考例句:
  • to work in computing 從事信息處理
  • Back in the dark ages of computing, in about 1980, they started a software company. 早在計算機尚未普及的時代(約1980年),他們就創辦了軟件公司。
10 philosophical rN5xh     
adj.哲學家的,哲學上的,達觀的
參考例句:
  • The teacher couldn't answer the philosophical problem.老師不能解答這個哲學問題。
  • She is very philosophical about her bad luck.她對自己的不幸看得很開。
11 seminal Qzrwo     
adj.影響深遠的;種子的
參考例句:
  • The reforms have been a seminal event in the history of the NHS.這些改革已成為英國國民保健制度史上影響深遠的一件大事。
  • The emperor's importance as a seminal figure of history won't be diminished.做為一個開創性歷史人物的重要性是不會減弱的。
12 computable a82ec633c4f43aff6d222ba9c1eea226     
adj.可計算的
參考例句:
  • Finally, this thesis constructs a computable general equilibrium model, analyzes the policy effects. 最后,論文建立了可計算一般均衡模型,定量測試所提出的政策建。 來自互聯網
  • Computable measures of resistance can be applied in the field of prediction for earthquake damage. 文中進一步將結構時變抗力的計算方法延伸到震害預測領域。 來自互聯網
13 symbolic ErgwS     
adj.象征性的,符號的,象征主義的
參考例句:
  • It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征著現代婦女的戰斗精神。
  • The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗禮儀式是一種象征性的做法。
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